Research from the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) indicates that the measures to reduce gas and electricity consumption taken so far by EU states are insufficient to meet EU targets. EU targets may be reached if high prices lead to large consumers reducing their consumption. Measures to reduce energy usage also reduce the pressure on rising energy prices, thereby providing effective relief for households and industry.
One-third of EU countries have not yet introduced any measures to reduce energy demand
Measures taken by governments to reduce gas and electricity consumption vary widely across Europe and seem insufficient to meet the EU energy saving targets, a new analysis reveals.
It’s four months since European leaders agreed to reduce their countries’ demand for gas by 15% and electricity by 10%. But the measures adopted in this field seem to be too limited and patchy across EU countries.
The European Environmental Bureau (EEB) has examined gas and electricity saving measures adopted by EU states and the findings show large disparities:
- 8 out of 27 EU states have not yet introduced any measures to reduce gas and electricity consumption. Neither in households nor in businesses or public bodies.
- Only 12 EU states have adopted some mandatory energy reduction measures.
- Countries importing large quantities of Russian gas such as Italy and Germany have introduced the most robust measures on gas savings.
- Less gas-dependent countries like France and Spain are also at the EU forefront of energy reduction measures, targeting both public entities and the private sector, households as well as industry and small businesses.
- Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria and Eastern European states tend to have weaker energy reduction measures in place.
- Despite being among the heavily gas-dependent countries (between 30 and 40% of the energy mix),the Netherlands and Croatia have only introduced voluntary gas-saving measures.
- Romania and Lithuania, despite their heavy reliance on fossil fuels, have not implemented any measure at all to reduce energy consumption.